Yaqeen Institute for Islamic Research

Raising Doubt

Many Muslims are currently dealing with increased doubt in their faith, as they navigate their identity. This begs the question, “What factors move people towards religious doubt or certainty?”

This infographic summarizes an empirical study that investigates the antecedents and correlates of religious doubt of Muslims in America.


Dr. Osman Umarji

Director of Survey Research and Evaluation | Dr. Osman Umarji holds a Bachelor’s of Science in Electrical Engineering and a Master’s and Ph.D in Educational Psychology from UC Irvine. He has studied Islam at al-Azhar University in Cairo, Egypt. His research interests include the development of human motivation, religious socialization, spirituality, and Islamic legal theory. Dr. Umarji is also an Adjunct Professor in the School of Education at UC Irvine. He has previously taught child development, adolescent development, and statistics. His expertise in both psychological and Islamic sciences allows him to conduct empirical research on contemporary issues facing Muslims.